Since 1997 of release
Repair and car operation
+ Cars Saab 9-5
- Controls and operation receptions
+ Access, protection
+ Elements of systems of safety
+ The car equipment, arrangement of devices and controls
+ Devices of maintenance of comfort
- Receptions of operation and auxiliary systems
Start of the engine and start of motion
Use of a manual box of a gear change (Manual transmission)
Use of automatic transmission (АТ)
The steering hydraulic booster (ГУР)
Features of operation of the cars equipped каталитическим with the converter
+ Options and car routine maintenance
+ The engine
+ Systems of cooling of the engine, heating, ventilation and air conditioning
+ The power supply system and release of the fulfilled gases
+ Systems of an electric equipment of the engine
+ Manual box of a gear change
+ Automatic transmission
+ Coupling and power shafts
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Onboard electric equipment
Use of automatic transmission (АТ)
On considered cars it is established 5-step АТ, supervised by the electronic block of management. The lever of the selector of modes АТ is located in the bottom part of the central console.
The lever of the selector of modes АТ and switches of programs «SPORT» and «WINTER»
All transfers of advance it is switched automatically if the lever of the selector of modes АТ is in position «D».
For moving of the lever of the selector from position «P» ignition should be included, the brake pedal is squeezed out, and also the button of removal of fixing (under the handle) is pressed.
Movings of the lever of the selector for which realisation it is required to press the button of removal of fixing, are specified in illustrations.
Use of the button of removal of fixing
It is provided three programs of work АТ: normal, sports and winter.
The normal program gets out automatically at start of the engine and provides the maximum economy of fuel.
The sports program is intended for reception of the maximum capacity from the engine and, hence, at the given program there is more later a switching on raising transfers and earlier – on lowering. Inclusion and deenergizing of the sports program is made by pressing button "S" located on the handle of the lever of the selector of modes АТ. At the activated sports program burns corresponding К/Л in a combination of devices (the Section the Combination of devices see). Deenergizing of a sports mode occurs at a mode choice «P» or «R», at engine deenergizing, at a choice of the winter program, and also at inclusion К/Л of malfunction АТ.
The winter program is intended for driving on a slippery covering. Thus movement begins with 3rd transfer. Inclusion and deenergizing of the winter program is made by button "W" located to the right of the lever of the selector of modes АТ. At the activated winter program burns corresponding К/Л in a combination of devices (the Section the Combination of devices see). Deenergizing of a sports mode occurs at a mode choice «L», at engine deenergizing, at overheat ATF, and also at inclusion К/Л of malfunction АТ.
The number of functions АТ includes the following:
Blocking of moving of the lever of the selector from position «P» – for removal of this blocking should be pressed a brake pedal. The sequence of the actions necessary for emergency removal of this blocking see more low.
Hydrotransformer switching-off on transfers with 3 on 5 – for the account of it decreases number of turns of the engine and, hence, and the fuel expense.
«Kick-down» – transfer Fall at completely squeezed out pedal of gas. The given function is used for maintenance of the maximum acceleration, for example, at overtaking. After that there is a switching on the raised transfer if only the gas pedal is not released till the moment of achievement of the maximum number of turns.
Operating modes АТ
In given position АТ it is blocked, and forward wheels cannot rotate. Before to translate the selector lever in this position, completely stop the car.
«R» (Movement by a backing)
The given position of the lever of selector AT is used for movement back.
«N» (Neutral position)
Wheels and transmission are not blocked, the car can be moved freely.
Normal position of the lever of the selector at car movement. АТ it is switched between all five transfers of advance, proceeding from an optimum parity of capacity and economy of fuel.
АТ it is switched only between transfers with 1 on 4//with 1 on 3. It is used for reception большей capacities at movement on lifting, and also for braking by the engine at movement on descent. The choice of this position also helps to reduce проскальзывание wheels on slippery road. The top limit of speed of movement at the chosen mode «4»//«3» makes 150//110 km/h.
«L» (Lowering transfer)
Establish the selector lever in this position at the big loading, and also at movement on a steep slope. In the given mode 1 and 2 transfers work only. At mode inclusion «L» after «D» fall of transfers occurs at next speeds:
Emergency removal of blocking of the lever of the selector in position «P»
For safety of the driver and passengers АТ it is equipped by system of the blocking preventing moving of the lever of the selector from position «P» if the brake pedal is not squeezed out.