Since 1997 of release
Repair and car operation
+ Cars Saab 9-5
+ Controls and operation receptions
- Options and car routine maintenance
The general information
The general data on options and adjustments
The routine maintenance schedule
Check of levels of liquids, the control of leaks
Check of a condition of tyres and pressure of their rating
Replacement of impellent oil and the oil filter
Check of effort of a tightening of fixture of elements of a suspension bracket
Check of brake system
Replacement of a brake liquid, prorolling of brake system
Check of a condition of the battery and care it
Check of a condition of components of a suspension bracket and steering
Check of a condition of protective covers of SHRUS of power shafts
Check of a condition of system of release of the fulfilled gases
Check of a condition and replacement of hoses and tubes in an impellent compartment, localisation of leaks
Check of a condition and tension of a belt of a drive of auxiliary units
Check and replacement салонного the filter of a heater and К/В
Service of locks and loops
Check of elements of systems of safety
Replacement of a filtering element of an air cleaner
Check and replacement of spark plugs and the ignition module
Replacement of the fuel filter
Replacement of liquid AT
Condition check, adjustment and replacement of brushes of screen wipers
+ The engine
+ Systems of cooling of the engine, heating, ventilation and air conditioning
+ The power supply system and release of the fulfilled gases
+ Systems of an electric equipment of the engine
+ Manual box of a gear change
+ Automatic transmission
+ Coupling and power shafts
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Onboard electric equipment
Check of levels of liquids, the control of leaks
Liquids are the integral component of systems of greasing, cooling, brake system, ГУР, and a windscreen washer. In view of the gradual expense and pollution of liquids in the course of normal operation of the car, it is necessary to replace them periodically. Add only corresponding to requirements of Specifications of a liquid.
The visual control of leaks
At the greasy engine and the big expense of oil check up following places on presence of leaks:
Check and updating of level of oil
Check of level of impellent oil is made by means of measuring щупа, the impellent compartment located in a forward part (engines V6), or built in a cover маслозаливной mouths (4-cylinder engines) — see illustrations Components of a compartment of 4-cylinder engines, subject to regular service, Components of a compartment of the petrol engine V6, subject to regular service and Components of a compartment of the diesel engine, subject to regular service in the beginning of the Head. Щуп passes through a metal tube downwards, reaching a pallet bottom картера the engine.
Measurement of level of impellent oil should be made through 2-5 mines after its deenergizing.
Check of level of oil is the important preventive procedure and should be made as it is possible is more often, and also it is obligatory before each long trip. Constant excessive falling of level of oil specifies or in presence of its leaks through the damaged epiploons or ослабшие connections, or on its burning out (internal leaks through the worn out piston rings or through directing plugs of valves).
Besides, it is necessary to pay attention and to a condition of the oil. If oil has dairy colour or in its structure it is possible to notice water drops, it specifies in possible infringement of tightness of a lining of a head of cylinders or crack presence in a head or the block of cylinders. In this case the engine should be repaired immediately. Each time at measurement of level of oil before edge rubbing щупа spend on it big and index hand fingers. If will be thus found out stuck on щуп particles of a dirt or metal particles, oil it is necessary to replace (the Section Replacement of impellent oil and the oil filter) see.
Level and condition check
Considered cars are equipped by system of cooling of compensatory type with superfluous pressure. The plastic broad tank is located in an impellent compartment and connected by a hose to a radiator.
Broad tank of system of cooling
In process of a warming up of the engine in the course of its work the extending cooling liquid (ОЖ) fills a tank. At engine OZH cooling automatically arrives back in cooling system that provides maintenance of constant level ОЖ.
Check of level ОЖ should be made regularly, at least, every month, and also before each long trip. Level in the tank fluctuates depending on engine temperature. At the cold engine level ОЖ should be above the bottom (short) label on the tank. In process of heating of the engine level should come nearer to the top (long) label or exceeds it a little. If it not so, allow to the engine to cool down, then uncover the tank and modify level ОЖ.
For filling of system of cooling apply necessarily a mix from water, antifreeze and means to protection against aluminium corrosion according to requirements of Specifications.
For check of frost resistance ОЖ use ареометр.
The tank of a brake liquid is in the left part of an impellent compartment, about its partition (illustrations Components of a compartment of 4-cylinder engines, subject to regular service, Components of a compartment of the petrol engine V6, subject to regular service and Components of a compartment of the diesel engine see, subject to regular service in the beginning of the Head), and is divided on two parts, everyone for the brake contour. The tank cover has a ventilating aperture which should not get littered. Transparent walls of the tank allow to observe of liquid level outside. For the control of level of a brake liquid is available К/Л low level of the brake liquid, located on a combination of devices (Controls and operation receptions see the Head). Nevertheless, it is recommended to check liquid level regularly.
Liquid level at the closed cover should be between marks «MIN» and «MAX» on tank walls. Watch that level did not fall below a mark «MIN».
The tank of a brake liquid and mark MIN and MAX on it
Liquid of the hydraulic booster of a wheel (ГУР)
The site of the tank of hydraulic system of the amplifier of a steering (ГУР) is specified on illustrations Components of a compartment of 4-cylinder engines, subject to regular service, Components of a compartment of the petrol engine V6, subject to regular service and Components of a compartment of the diesel engine, subject to regular service in the beginning of the Head.
Liquid of automatic transmission (ATF)
Correctness of level ATF is one of critical operational parametres of the cars equipped АТ. Excessive falling of level ATF can lead to hydrotransformer proslipping whereas the excessive quantity of a liquid conducts to its foaming, to formation of leaks and is fraught with a transmission exit out of operation.
Check of level ATF should be made at разогретой to normal working temperature (80 hailstones.) transmissions.
Check of level ATF
Liquid of a washer of a windscreen, installation of area of washing
In areas with a temperate climate for washing of glasses it is possible to use usual water, but it is recommended to add in it means for washing of glasses. It is necessary to fill the tank no more than on two third that there was a free space on a case of expansion of water at freezing. In areas with cold environmental conditions it is necessary to use special antifreeze for the windscreen washing, reducing a liquid freezing point. Usually it is on sale in the concentrated or ready kind. The concentrated antifreeze mix with water according to the instruction of the manufacturer resulted on packing.
Transmissionnoe oil Manual transmission
Manual transmission refuels oil at factory and then does not demand service. However after repair Manual transmission demanding it опорожнения, it is required to fill oil and to check up its level. For descent, refuelling and check трансмиссионного oils Manual transmission are provided 3 corresponding apertures closed by stoppers.
Arrangement of stoppers on Manual transmission
1 — the Stopper of a jellied aperture
The stopper of a drain aperture contains a magnet collecting metal particles, formed at deterioration of mechanism RKPP.
Oil level in Manual transmission should reach the bottom cut of a control aperture.
At a tightening of stoppers Manual transmission grease their carving with fixing hermetic.