Saab 9-5

Since 1997 of release

Repair and car operation



Saab 9-5
+ Cars Saab 9-5
+ Controls and operation receptions
- Options and car routine maintenance
   The general information
   The general data on options and adjustments
   The routine maintenance schedule
   Check of levels of liquids, the control of leaks
   Check of a condition of tyres and pressure of their rating
   Replacement of impellent oil and the oil filter
   Check of effort of a tightening of fixture of elements of a suspension bracket
   Юстировка headlights
   Check of brake system
   Replacement of a brake liquid, prorolling of brake system
   Check of a condition of the battery and care it
   Check of a condition of components of a suspension bracket and steering
   Check of a condition of protective covers of SHRUS of power shafts
   Check of a condition of system of release of the fulfilled gases
   Check of a condition and replacement of hoses and tubes in an impellent compartment, localisation of leaks
   Check of a condition and tension of a belt of a drive of auxiliary units
   Check and replacement салонного the filter of a heater and К/В
   Service of locks and loops
   Check of elements of systems of safety
   Replacement of a filtering element of an air cleaner
   Check and replacement of spark plugs and the ignition module
   Replacement of the fuel filter
   Replacement of liquid AT
   Condition check, adjustment and replacement of brushes of screen wipers
+ The engine
+ Systems of cooling of the engine, heating, ventilation and air conditioning
+ The power supply system and release of the fulfilled gases
+ Systems of an electric equipment of the engine
+ Manual box of a gear change
+ Automatic transmission
+ Coupling and power shafts
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body
+ Onboard electric equipment





Check of levels of liquids, the control of leaks

Irrespective of check intervals under the schedule do not suppose, that liquids followed under the car, such leaks specify in malfunction which should be eliminated immediately.

Liquids are the integral component of systems of greasing, cooling, brake system, ГУР, and a windscreen washer. In view of the gradual expense and pollution of liquids in the course of normal operation of the car, it is necessary to replace them periodically. Add only corresponding to requirements of Specifications of a liquid.

At any check of level of a liquid the car should stand on an equal surface.

Impellent oil

The visual control of leaks

At the greasy engine and the big expense of oil check up following places on presence of leaks:

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

  1. Open a cover маслозаливной mouths and check up consolidation on presence of cracks or damages.
    • Lining of a cover of a head of cylinders.
    • Lining of a head of cylinders.
    • Lining of the oil filter: прилегание the filter to a flange.
    • Drain stopper of impellent oil: a sealing ring.
    • Pallet lining картера.
    • Epiploons of a cranked shaft.
    As in the presence of leak oil extends on the big surface of the engine, its place at once to define difficult. For detection of leaks operate as follows:
  1. Wash out the engine for what close the generator and the block of safety locks a polyethylene package, spray the engine a usual cold cleaner and through short time wash out water.
  2. Interfaced surfaces and consolidations on the engine strew outside известью or talc.
  3. Check up level of impellent oil and if necessary add oil.
  4. On purpose to warm up oil make a trial trip on the car on distance about 30 km on a high-speed line. Viscosity разогретого oils will go down, and it will fast act in places of leaks.
  5. In summary investigate the engine, shining with its lamp, localise places of leaks and eliminate them.

Check and updating of level of oil

Check of level of impellent oil is made by means of measuring щупа, the impellent compartment located in a forward part (engines V6), or built in a cover маслозаливной mouths (4-cylinder engines) — see illustrations Components of a compartment of 4-cylinder engines, subject to regular service, Components of a compartment of the petrol engine V6, subject to regular service and Components of a compartment of the diesel engine, subject to regular service in the beginning of the Head. Щуп passes through a metal tube downwards, reaching a pallet bottom картера the engine.

Measurement of level of impellent oil should be made through 2-5 mines after its deenergizing.

If to start measurement of level of impellent oil right after engine deenergizings, the oil part remains in the top part of the engine and results of measurement will be erroneous.


 PERFORMANCE ORDER

  1. Take щуп from directing and dry wipe its edge pure rags or a paper towel. Enter щуп up to the end back and again take it. The height of the site of an edge moistened with oil will correspond to oil level in the engine. This level should be between labels MIN and MAX on щупе.
  2. For lifting of level of oil from the minimum label on щупе to maximum it is required about 1 l of oil. Do not suppose falling of level below a label MIN since oil starvation can lead to engine damage. On the other hand, overflow of the engine by oil (доливание above a mark MAX) can be at the bottom замасливания of spark plugs, leaks of oil, failure of epiploons, and also damage catalytic the converter.
  3. To add oil, uncover the jellied mouth, located on a cover of a head of cylinders (illustrations Components of a compartment of 4-cylinder engines, subject to regular service, Components of a compartment of the petrol engine V6, subject to regular service and Components of a compartment of the diesel engine, subject to regular service in the beginning of the Head see). After доливания some oil wait some minutes that oil level was stabilised, then pull out щуп and again check up level. If it is required, add still oils. If on a cover pollution are found out, wash out its gasoline. Close a cover of a mouth and turn it before click.

Check of level of oil is the important preventive procedure and should be made as it is possible is more often, and also it is obligatory before each long trip. Constant excessive falling of level of oil specifies or in presence of its leaks through the damaged epiploons or ослабшие connections, or on its burning out (internal leaks through the worn out piston rings or through directing plugs of valves).

Besides, it is necessary to pay attention and to a condition of the oil. If oil has dairy colour or in its structure it is possible to notice water drops, it specifies in possible infringement of tightness of a lining of a head of cylinders or crack presence in a head or the block of cylinders. In this case the engine should be repaired immediately. Each time at measurement of level of oil before edge rubbing щупа spend on it big and index hand fingers. If will be thus found out stuck on щуп particles of a dirt or metal particles, oil it is necessary to replace (the Section Replacement of impellent oil and the oil filter) see.

Cooling liquid

Do not suppose antifreeze hit on a skin or on the painted surfaces of the car. If it nevertheless has occurred, immediately смойте antifreeze a plentiful quantity of water. Antifreeze is extremely toxic, therefore do not leave it without supervision in the open container or spilt on a floor; or animals its sweet smell can involve children and they can drink it.


Do not uncover a jellied mouth of a broad tank or a cover of a radiator for check of level of a cooling liquid (ОЖ) before full cooling of the engine!

Level and condition check

Considered cars are equipped by system of cooling of compensatory type with superfluous pressure. The plastic broad tank is located in an impellent compartment and connected by a hose to a radiator.

Broad tank of system of cooling

In process of a warming up of the engine in the course of its work the extending cooling liquid (ОЖ) fills a tank. At engine OZH cooling automatically arrives back in cooling system that provides maintenance of constant level ОЖ.

Check of level ОЖ should be made regularly, at least, every month, and also before each long trip. Level in the tank fluctuates depending on engine temperature. At the cold engine level ОЖ should be above the bottom (short) label on the tank. In process of heating of the engine level should come nearer to the top (long) label or exceeds it a little. If it not so, allow to the engine to cool down, then uncover the tank and modify level ОЖ.

For filling of system of cooling apply necessarily a mix from water, antifreeze and means to protection against aluminium corrosion according to requirements of Specifications.

If there is a necessity of filling of system of cooling for a way it is possible to apply pure water in the summer. Antifreeze can be added later, however as soon as possible.


 PERFORMANCE ORDER

  1. If level ОЖ quickly goes down, visually check up cooling system on leaks:
    • Check up a condition of hoses and reliability of their fastening on the branch pipes, the damaged hoses and collars replace;
    • Check up consolidation of a cover of a broad tank;
  2. If leaks it is not revealed, make check of tightness of a cover of a radiator.
  3. It is necessary to check also condition ОЖ, – it should be concerning pure. If the liquid has brown or rusty colour, it it is necessary to merge, wash out system of cooling and to fill with its new mix. Even if ОЖ looks normally, entering into its structure ингибиторы corrosion in due course lose the efficiency, therefore ОЖ it is necessary to replace periodically.

For check of frost resistance ОЖ use ареометр.

Brake liquid

The brake liquid at hit in eyes and on the painted surfaces of the car can damage them, therefore be extremely cautious at the reference with it. Do not use a brake liquid which long time stood opened, or which more than one year. The brake liquid has property to absorb a moisture from air that can worsen its properties and lead to dangerous loss of efficiency of brake system. Use only the type of a brake liquid specified in Specifications. Mixing of various types of liquids can lead to refusal of brake system.

The tank of a brake liquid is in the left part of an impellent compartment, about its partition (illustrations Components of a compartment of 4-cylinder engines, subject to regular service, Components of a compartment of the petrol engine V6, subject to regular service and Components of a compartment of the diesel engine see, subject to regular service in the beginning of the Head), and is divided on two parts, everyone for the brake contour. The tank cover has a ventilating aperture which should not get littered. Transparent walls of the tank allow to observe of liquid level outside. For the control of level of a brake liquid is available К/Л low level of the brake liquid, located on a combination of devices (Controls and operation receptions see the Head). Nevertheless, it is recommended to check liquid level regularly.

Liquid level at the closed cover should be between marks MIN and MAX on tank walls. Watch that level did not fall below a mark MIN.

The tank of a brake liquid and mark MIN and MAX on it


 PERFORMANCE ORDER

  1. If level below admissible, at first wipe top of the tank and a cover pure rags to prevent dirt hit in system after cover removal. Add a liquid to the necessary level, but do not pour.
  2. While the tank cover is removed, check up a brake liquid and the tank on presence of pollution. If at it there are particles of a rust, a dirt or a water drop, it is necessary to replace a liquid.
  3. After addition of the tank to the necessary level make sure that the cover is established exactly, in order to avoid leaks of a liquid and-or dirt hit.
  4. Liquid level in the main brake cylinder (ГТЦ) will fall slightly as a result of wear process of frictional overlays brake колодок. There is no necessity to add it until level remains near a label MIN; it will rise after replacement of overlays. Very low level can specify in deterioration brake колодок – check up them (the Section Check of brake system see).
  5. If level of a brake liquid constantly falls, immediately check up all system on presence of leaks. As a rule, the reason are the worn out caps in wheel cylinders. Survey brake lines, hoses and штуцерные connections together with supports, wheel cylinders and ГТЦ (Sections Check of brake system and Check of a condition and replacement of hoses and tubes in an impellent compartment, localisation of leaks see).
  6. If at check of level of a liquid the tank appears is empty or nearly so is empty, the brake system is necessary for checking up on presence of leaks and to pump over (the Section Replacement of a brake liquid, prorolling of brake system) see.

Liquid of the hydraulic booster of a wheel (ГУР)

The site of the tank of hydraulic system of the amplifier of a steering (ГУР) is specified on illustrations Components of a compartment of 4-cylinder engines, subject to regular service, Components of a compartment of the petrol engine V6, subject to regular service and Components of a compartment of the diesel engine, subject to regular service in the beginning of the Head.

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

  1. Be passed on the car that the engine and a steering had normal operational temperature (nearby 80 hailstones.).

Level of liquid ГУР should be checked at once after an engine stop.


Liquid level should be between the marks put on щупе, built in a cover of the tank of liquid ГУР, and should not fall for the bottom mark.

  1. If necessary add a liquid corresponding to requirements of Specifications.

Do not shake up a liquid before system filling since air bubbles otherwise can be formed. A liquid fill in slowly to exclude formation of bubbles. Apply only a new liquid since even insignificant pollution can lead to system GUR failure.

  1. After system filling start the engine and some times turn a steering wheel from an emphasis against the stop that the system left air.

Requirement occurrence доливания specifies liquids ГУР in leaks in system. Check up system GUR in conditions HUNDRED.

Liquid of automatic transmission (ATF)

Correctness of level ATF is one of critical operational parametres of the cars equipped АТ. Excessive falling of level ATF can lead to hydrotransformer proslipping whereas the excessive quantity of a liquid conducts to its foaming, to formation of leaks and is fraught with a transmission exit out of operation.

Check of level ATF should be made at разогретой to normal working temperature (80 hailstones.) transmissions.

It is not necessary to make check of level ATF right after car operation on high speeds, in the conditions of a city cycle in hot weather, or after trailer towage, - preliminary allow liquids to cool down within nearby 30 minutes.

Check of level ATF


 PERFORMANCE ORDER

  1. Park the car on an equal horizontal platform with a firm covering, cock a lay brake. If the engine cold, start it and warm up to normal working temperature on single turns. At the working engine squeeze out a pedal of a brake and serially spend selector AT lever through all positions, in summary, having returned it in position Р.

Before moving of the lever to each subsequent position wait not less than 15 with.

  1. Without suppressing the engine, take from a directing tube measuring щуп. Fingers remove from an edge щупа traces ATF and estimate its condition.
  2. Carefully wipe an edge pure rags and enter щуп back into directing tube, densely having planted a cover on a mouth.
  3. Again take щуп from a mouth and on length of the moistened site of a scale define level ATF in картере transmissions.
  4. In case of need make corresponding updating, having added in transmission a liquid of a demanded grade through a funnel, - fill in ATF directly in a mouth of a directing tube measuring щупа.

For increase in level ATF from a label MIN to a label MAX it is required about 0.5 l ATF.

  1. Add ATF in the small portions in stages, each time checking level.
  2. Simultaneously with level it is necessary to check as well condition ATF. If the liquid moistening the end of an edge щупа, has a dark red-brown shade, or smells as ashes, ATF it is necessary to replace (Automatic transmission) see the Head. In the absence of confidence of correctness of an estimation of a condition трансмиссионной liquids compare it on colour and a smell with fresh ATF.

Liquid of a washer of a windscreen, installation of area of washing

The liquid for windscreen washing should be added in the tank through a jellied mouth.

In areas with a temperate climate for washing of glasses it is possible to use usual water, but it is recommended to add in it means for washing of glasses. It is necessary to fill the tank no more than on two third that there was a free space on a case of expansion of water at freezing. In areas with cold environmental conditions it is necessary to use special antifreeze for the windscreen washing, reducing a liquid freezing point. Usually it is on sale in the concentrated or ready kind. The concentrated antifreeze mix with water according to the instruction of the manufacturer resulted on packing.

Check up and if necessary adjust a washer scope, turning nozzles according to an illustration.

Transmissionnoe oil Manual transmission

Manual transmission refuels oil at factory and then does not demand service. However after repair Manual transmission demanding it опорожнения, it is required to fill oil and to check up its level. For descent, refuelling and check трансмиссионного oils Manual transmission are provided 3 corresponding apertures closed by stoppers.

Arrangement of stoppers on Manual transmission

1 — the Stopper of a jellied aperture
2 — the Stopper of a control aperture
3 — the Stopper of a drain aperture


The stopper of a drain aperture contains a magnet collecting metal particles, formed at deterioration of mechanism RKPP.

Oil level in Manual transmission should reach the bottom cut of a control aperture.

At a tightening of stoppers Manual transmission grease their carving with fixing hermetic.









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